Frederick K. Cox International Law Center War Crimes Research Portal
Frederick K. Cox International Law Center War Crimes Research Portal
War Crimes Research Portal

Case Western Reserve University School of Law
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Cleveland, Ohio 44106

Contact: michael.scharf@case.edu
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Web Links for Protection of Witnesses in War Crimes Trials

There are 16 sites catalogued in the category.
Displaying links 1 through 10.
    Next 6 >>
Name: American University - War Crimes Research Office
Description: The WCRO was initially established to provide the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR) with legal research and analysis in the areas of humanitarian and international criminal law. WCRO has completed over 50 major research projects, including the above linked - a discussion of the international standards of witness protection.
Name: Amnesty International
Description: AI is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights. AI's mission is to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression, and freedom from discrimination, within the context of its work to promote all human rights. AI, in the above link, is emphatically urging that witnesses in war crimes (specifically in Croatia) must be protected.
Name: Foundation Hirondelle
Description: The Hirondelle Foundation is an organization of journalists which sets up and operates media services in crisis areas. It is the only organization in the world which has such specialized experience in this field. The Foundation Hirondelle is usually active where conflict is endemic, where there are open hostilities or in post-conflict regions. It is also present in situations where the political, economic or social conditions are not as inviting for actors working in the development field. The Foundation Hirondelle carries out advisory missions under more normal circumstances but this is not its main activity.
Name: Global IDP Database
Description: The Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council is an international non-governmental body working for better protection and assistance of people who have been displaced within their own country by conflict or because of human rights violations. The Project, which is funded by a variety of international donors, aims to help improve the response to the needs of, and increase respect for, the rights of millions of the world's most disadvantaged and vulnerable people. It seeks to find solutions that ultimately lead to their safe return or resettlement and reintegration.
Name: Human Rights Watch
Description: Human Rights Watch is the largest human rights organization based in the United States. Human Rights Watch researchers conduct fact-finding investigations into human rights abuses in all regions of the world. Human Rights Watch then publishes those findings in dozens of books and reports every year, generating extensive coverage in local and international media. The above link discusses the protection of witnesses in the Sjeverin trial.
Name: Institute for War and Peace Reporting
Description: The Institute for War & Peace Reporting strengthens local journalism in areas of conflict. By training reporters, facilitating dialogue and providing reliable information, it supports peace, democracy and development in societies undergoing crisis and change. The organization is managing a special reporting project on war crimes tribunals. The above link discusses various cases which emphasize the importance of the protection of war crime witnesses.
Name: International Criminal Court
Description: The ICC is the first ever permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to promote the rule of law and ensure that the gravest international crimes do not go unpunished. The International Criminal Court is an independent international organization. In accordance with article 2 of the Rome Statute, the relationship with the United Nations system is governed by an agreement that has been approved by the Assembly of States Parties and will be concluded by the President of the Court on its behalf. The above linked describes, specifically, the ICC's efforts to try and protect witnesses, in general, and in war crimes.
Name: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Description: Recognizing that serious violations of humanitarian law were committed in Rwanda, and acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Security Council created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) by resolution 955 of 8 November 1994. The purpose of this measure is to contribute to the process of national reconciliation in Rwanda and to the maintenance of peace in the region. The above link is a press release which discusses the President of the UN Human Rights Commission's plea for support from African and Arab states for the need for protection of witnesses (among other things).
Name: International Crisis Group
Description: ICG is an independent, non-profit, multinational organization, with over 100 staff members on five continents, working through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict. ICG's reports and briefing papers are distributed widely by email and printed copy to officials in foreign ministries and international organizations and made generally available at the same time via the organization's Internet site, www.icg.org. ICG works closely with governments and those who influence them, including the media, to highlight its crisis analyses and to generate support for its policy prescriptions. The above link is a sample of recommendation which touches, briefly, on the issue of protecting witnesses in Kosovo.
Name: Middle East Online
Description: Middle East Online is a news service which provides news, opinions, features, and letters regarding Middle Eastern Affairs. The site has many articles relating to war crimes in the latest war in Iraq, as well as the protection of witnesses of this war.
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War Crimes Research Guide
  • Research Guide
  • Quick Start Guide to War Crimes Research
    (where to look)
  • Bibliography
  • International Law Journals