Frederick K. Cox International Law Center
Frederick K. Cox International Law Center

Case Western Reserve University School of Law
2008 Jessup International Moot Court World Championship Team.

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International and Comparative Law Faculty
The 24 full-time and adjunct faculty members who teach international and comparative law at Case include prominent experts in human rights law, international criminal law, international trade law, international financial institutions, international tax law, international intellectual property law, and international business law.
Michael P. Scharf
Interim Dean and Director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center, John Deaver Drinko - Baker and Hostetler Professor of Law
John Deaver Drinko-Baker & Hostetler Professor; BA 1985, JD Order of the Coif 1988 (Duke)
Michael Scharf is the John Deaver Drinko-Baker & Hosftetler Professor of Law, and director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center. He also directs the Henry T. King, Jr. War Crimes Research Office and the Summer Institute for Global Justice in The Netherlands, and serves as U.S. director of the Canada-U.S. Law Institute. In February 2005, Prof. Scharf and the Public International Law and Policy Group, a Non-Governmental Organization that he co-founded and directs, were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by six governments and the Prosecutor of an International Criminal Tribunal for the work they have done to help in the prosecution of major war criminals, such as Slobodan Milosevic, Charles Taylor, and Saddam Hussein. During the first Bush and Clinton Administrations, Prof. Scharf served in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State, where he held the positions of Attorney-Adviser for Law Enforcement and Intelligence, Attorney-Adviser for U.N. Affairs, and delegate to the U.N. Human Rights Commission. Judicial clerk to Judge Gerald Bard Tjoflat on the Eleventh Circuit Federal Court of Appeals, Prof. Scharf has testified before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Armed Services Committee and is the author of over 70 scholarly articles and 13 books, including three that have won national book of the year honors. Recipient of the Case Western Reserve University School of Law Alumni Association's 2005 "Distinguished Teacher Award" and Ohio Magazine's 2007 "Excellence in Education Award," Prof. Scharf teaches International Law, International Criminal Law, the Law of International Organizations, and the War Crimes Research Lab. During a sabbatical in 2008, he served as Special Assistant to the Prosecutor of the Cambodia Genocide Tribunal.

Robert N. Strassfeld
Professor of Law
Professor; BA 1976 (Wesleyan University), MA 1980 (Rochester), JD 1984 (Virginia)
Robert Strassfeld is director of the Institute for Global Security Law and Policy and associate director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center. A legal historian and advisor to the ACLU, Prof. Strassfeld has published major law review articles about torture and extraordinary rendition and about the Vietnam War. He teaches National Security Law and a seminar on Law and the Wars in Vietnam and Iraq.

David Kocan
Managing Director, Canada-U.S. Law Institute Visiting Assistant Professor
David R. Kocan is Managing Director of the Canada-United States Law Institute. He is a 2011 graduate of Case Western Reserve School of Law where he focused on international business law. During this time, he served with distinction as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of International Law and as an award winning Niagara Moot Court oralist for the past two years. Professor Kocan spent his first summer externing for U.S. Southern District Judge Edmund A. Sargus, Jr. and has thereafter accumulated a year's experience as a legal intern for Ohio's Attorney General. He also co-founded community outreach organization Cultivating Connections, serving as its first president, and is actively engaged in Cleveland's sustainability movement.

Prior to law school, Professor Kocan served as a U.S. Peace Corps Community Economic Development volunteer in the Republic of Panama. He also spent time as Chief Web Administrator for a multimillion dollar e-commerce firm and as a Capitol Hill research intern for U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown in Washington, D.C. Professor Kocan received a B.S. cum laude from Ohio University. He studied abroad in China, is proficient in Mandarin Chinese, and has a working knowledge of Lithuanian, and Spanish.

Lewis R. Katz
John C. Hutchins Professor; Director, Foreign Graduate Studies
John C. Hutchins Professor; A.B. 1959 (Queens College), JD 1963 (Indiana)
Lewis Katz is director of the law school's three Master of Laws programs for foreign lawyers: the LLM in U.S. and Global Legal Studies, the LLM in Intellectual Property Law, and the LLM in International Business Law. A criminal justice expert whose primary interest is the Fourth Amendment, he has written and lectured internationally on criminal justice issues in the U.S. Courts and abroad.

Jonathan H. Adler
Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law; Director, Center for Business Law and Regulation
Professor; BA (Yale), JD (George Mason)
Jonathan Adler is Director of the Center for Business Law and Regulation. A prolific scholar, his articles on environmental and regulatory law and policy have appeared in numerous publications, ranging from the Harvard Environmental Law Review and Supreme Court Economic Review to the Wall Street Journal and Washington Post. The author/editor of three books, he is a regular commentator on legal and regulatory issues, appearing on CNN World News, NPR's Talk of the Nation, Fox News Channel's "O'Reilly Factor" and PBS' Newshour with Jim Lehrer. In 2004, Professor Adler received the Paul M. Bator Award, given annually by the Federalist Society for Law and Policy Studies to an academic under 40 for excellence in teaching, scholarship, and commitment to students, and in 2007 he received the Case Western Reserve University School of Law Alumni Association's "Distinguished Teacher Award." Adler is a contributing editor to National Review Online, where he covers environmental and legal topics, and is a regular contributor to the popular legal blog, "The Volokh Conspiracy." He teaches Constitutional Law and international environmental law.

Michael Benza
Senior Instructor in Law
Visiting Associate Professor; BA 1986 (Case Western Reserve University), MA 1988 (Pepperdine), JD 1992 (Case Western Reserve University)
Michael Benza was the 1992 Biskind Fellow from the School of Law and spent a year working for the Legal Resources Centre, a civil and human rights law firm in South Africa. He then spent four years in the Capital Defense Unit at the Office of the Ohio Public Defender. Later, he was assistant counsel at the Cleveland Bar Association working with the Prof. Certified Grievance Committee, as well as other committees. Prof. Benza teaches Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure I, Prisoner Rights and Litigation, Death Penalty Issues, and the Death Penalty Lab, and has coached the Mock Trial team. The Student Bar Association selected him Professor of the Year in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010. In 2009, he was elected as an alumni member to the Society of Benchers. Prof. Benza continues to represent death row inmates in state courts and federal habeas proceedings. He has litigated capital cases in state trial courts, state appellate and post-conviction courts, and federal courts including arguing Smith v. Spisak before the U.S. Supreme Court. He teaches a course on International Law and the Death Penalty.

Jessica Berg
Interim Dean and Professor of Law and Biomedical Ethics and Oliver C. Schroeder Distinguished Research Scholar, Associate Director of the Law-Medicine Center
Professor of Law and Bioethics; Associate Director, Law-Medicine Center; BA 1991, JD 1994 (Cornell), MPH 2009 (Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine)
Jessica Berg joined the faculty in 1999 after serving as the Director of Academic Affairs and Secretary of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs and Section Director for Professionalism at the American Medical Association. Before that, she was a Scholar in Excellence at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and a Fellow at the Center for Biomedical Ethics and the Institute for Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy at the University of Virginia. In 2007, Prof. Berg served as Associate Director of the Institute for Global Security Law and Policy, and she presents an annual lecture on application of international law to health workers during natural disasters and armed conflict.

Juscelino F. Colares
Professor of Law; Associate Director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center
Juscelino Colares is a specialist in the intersystemic aspects of the law on international trade, climate change and civil procedure. Colares' unique analytical viewpoint has led him to explore varied topics in interjurisdictional law, such as the discontinuity between domestic judicial and international dispute settlement review of national agencies' trade determinations, the barriers against and possibilities for climate change reform in the United States and abroad, and the reverse-Erie, choice-of-law problem in the EU context. His research has appeared in leading peer-reviewed journals and law reviews, including the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Journal of International Economic Law, Journal of World Trade, Revista dos Tribunais (Brazil), Columbia Journal of European Law, Cornell International Law Journal and Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law.
Avidan Cover
Assistant Professor; Associate Director, Institute for Global Security Law and Policy
Avidan Y. Cover is Assistant Professor of Law at the Case Western Reserve University School of Law, where he teaches in the Civil Litigation Clinic in the Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic Center. Cover supervises students in the representation of clients in civil lawsuits primarily in the areas of consumer protection, home repair, predatory lending, tort defense, and housing. Cover’s scholarship focuses on human rights, civil rights and national security law. He has appeared in numerous news media, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, BBC, CNN, MSNBC, CSPAN, FOX News, and Court TV.
Carol T. Fox
Senior Instructor in Law
Visiting Associate Professor; BA 1969 (SUNY Fredonia); MA 1970, PhD 1972, and JD magna cum laude 2005 (Case Western Reserve)
Carol Fox graduated from law school after a career as an English teacher in the Shaker Heights City Schools and a trainer of teachers through programs with the College Board. After completing her JD with an International Law Concentration and interning at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Prof. Fox became Deputy Director of the Henry T. King, Jr. War Crimes Research Office. Prof. Fox also designed and serves as director of the law school's Academic and Writing Support Program.

Shannon E. French
Director, Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence; Inamori Professor of Ethics; Professor of Philosophy; and Professor of Law
Since 2008, Shannon French has served as director of the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence and Inamori Professor of Ethics, a tenured professorship in the Case Western Reserve University Department of Philosophy. Prior to joining Case, she was associate chair of the Department of Leadership, Ethics and Law at the U.S. Naval Academy. Dr. French’s primary expertise is in the area of military ethics, and her 2003 book, The Code of the Warrior, features a forward by Senator John McCain. She received a B.A. degree from Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas. Her Ph.D. thesis at Brown University (Providence, RI) was titled, “The Problem of Motivating Ethical Behavior.”
Peter M. Gerhart
Professor; BA 1967 (Northwestern), JD 1971 (Columbia)
Former dean of the law school, Peter Gerhart teaches International Trade and Development in the Law School and Global Economic Issues in the Weatherhead School of Business. He has been a Visiting Scholar at the Centre for European Legal Studies at Cambridge University in England and a visiting professor at the Central European University in Budapest. His series of articles on the World Trade Organization advance the view that the WTO is an institution of participatory democracy.

Richard Gordon
Director, Institute for Global Security Law and Policy; Professor of Law
Professor; BA 1978 (Yale), JD 1984 (Harvard)
Richard Gordon joined the law faculty and began teaching courses on International Business, Corporate Governance, and Financial Sector Integrity. Earlier, he practiced law at Dewey Ballantine in Washington, D.C. and taught at Harvard Law School, where he was deputy director of the International Tax Program. He also taught at the School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London. He has done extensive fieldwork on law and development in both Indonesia and rural India. For nearly 10 years, Prof. Gordon worked with the International Monetary Fund, as both senior counsel and senior financial sector expert working on tax, sovereign debt restructuring, and government corruption. Following the 9/11 attacks, he was appointed to the select IMF Task Force on Terrorism Finance and was a principal author of the report on the role of the IMF and World Bank in countering terrorism finance and money laundering.

Jon Groetzinger
Visiting Professor of Law and Director of China Legal Programs
Visiting Professor: A.B., magna cum laude 1971 (Middlebury), JD with Certificate in International Legal Affairs 1974 (Cornell)
Jon Groetzinger is director of China Legal Programs and co-director of the Case Abroad at Home Program. He teaches International Business Transactions and two courses in the LLM program, Business Associations and Doing Business in the U.S. In 2010, Prof. Groetzinger helped establish the semester abroad program in China (at Fudan University, Shanghai; East China University, Shanghai; or Southwest University, Chongquin). With over 30 years of international business practice experience, he has served as Senior Vice President and General Counsel of American Greetings, President and Chief International Counsel for international operations at aerospace giant Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin), and CEO of several domestic and international businesses. Earlier, Mr. Groetzinger practiced international corporate law in Boston and has chaired national and regional General Counsel Associations.

B. Jessie Hill
Associate Dean for Faculty Development and Research; Professor of Law and Laura B. Chisolm Distinguished Research Scholar
Professor; BA 1992 (Brown), JD 1999 (Harvard)
Jessie Hill is associate director of the Center for Social Justice, and served previously as associate director of the Institute for Global Security Law and Policy. She joined the faculty in 2003 after practicing First Amendment and civil rights law with the firm of Berkman, Gordon, Murray & Devan in Cleveland. Before entering private practice, she worked at the national office of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in New York, litigating challenges to state law restrictions on reproductive rights. She also served as law clerk to The Hon. Karen Nelson Moore of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. In 2006, Prof. Hill taught a course entitled "Religion and Terrorism" in the Cox Center sponsored Summer Institute for Global Justice in The Netherlands. She has also traveled to Dubai to train Iraqi lawyers in human rights law.

Sharona Hoffman
Edgar A. Hahn Professor of Law; Professor of Bioethics; Co-Director of the Law-Medicine Center
Professor of Law and Bioethics; BA 1985 (Wellesley), JD 1988 (Harvard), LLM in Health Law 1999 (Houston)
Sharona Hoffman is co-director of the Law-Medicine Center. She teaches the Health Care and Human Rights seminar. Prior to joining the law faculty in 1999, Prof. Hoffman was a Senior Trial Attorney at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in Houston. In addition, she worked as an associate at O'Melveny & Myers in Los Angeles and served as a judicial clerk for U.S. District Judge Douglas W. Hillman of the Western District of Michigan. In 2003, she was a summer visiting professor at the University of Melbourne in Australia. January-April 2007, Prof. Hoffman served as a Guest Researcher at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Law Program in Atlanta. She has written and lectured widely about public health emergency preparedness. She teaches a course on International Health Law.

Raymond Ku
Professor; A.B. with Honors 1992 (Brown), JD cum laude 1995 (New York University)
Raymond Ku is co-director of the Center for Law, Technology and the Arts, and co-director of the Cyberspace Law and Policy Office. Prof. Ku clerked for the Hon. Timothy K. Lewis, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He then practiced constitutional, intellectual property and antitrust law with Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, LLP, and First Amendment/media and intellectual property law with Levine Pierson Sullivan & Koch, LLP, both in Washington, D.C. He has taught at Cornell, Seton Hall University, Thomas Jefferson, and St. Thomas University law schools. An internationally recognized and prolific scholar, his articles appear in the law reviews and journals of Berkeley, Chicago, Fordham, Georgetown, Minnesota, Stanford, Tulane, Vanderbilt, and Wisconsin, among others. He is the lead author of the first Cyberlaw casebook.

Kenneth F. Ledford
Associate Professor of History and Law
Associate Professor of History and Law; BA 1975, JD 1978 (North Carolina), MA 1984, PhD 1989 (Johns Hopkins)
Kenneth Ledford has a joint appointment with the School of Law and the Department of History in the university's College of Arts and Sciences. A leading scholar on the history of the German legal professions, he teaches European Legal History, European Legal Professions, and European Union Law. He has spent time in Germany as a Fulbright senior research Fellow and as John W. Kluge Fellow at the American Academy in Berlin. He is Editor of Central European History and serves on the Board of Editors of the Law and History Review. In 2010, he co-chaired the Program Committee for the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Legal History.

Judith P. Lipton
Professor; Co-Director of the Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic Center
Professor; B.S. 1971, MSSW 1972 (Wisconsin), JD 1979 (Connecticut)
Judith Lipton was a social worker and a legal aid attorney. She helped to establish the JD/MSSA dual-degree program at Case Western Reserve University. Prof. Lipton is co-director of the Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic Center and teaches in the Criminal Justice Clinic. Her current research and practice focuses on inter-disciplinary strategies for addressing domestic violence and the rights of immigrant victims of family violence.

Louise W. McKinney
Professor Emerita of Law
Professor; BA 1973 (Heidelberg College), JD 1978 (Case Western Reserve)
Louise McKinney is a leader in African Clinical Legal Education. She founded or developed clinic initiatives in Botswana, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya. She has been a consultant for the American Bar Association African Law Initiative, the U.S. State Department, and several African law schools. Prof. McKinney was twice a Fulbright Scholar, at the University of Botswana law department (2007-08) where she continued to develop their clinical legal education program and worked with the government and donors to develop government sponsored legal aid, and at the University of Nairobi (1998-99). She is an active member of the Global Alliance for Justice Education.

Dale A. Nance
John Homer Kapp Professor
John Homer Kapp Professor of Law; B.A. 1974 (Rice), J.D. 1977 (Stanford), M.A. 1981 (Cal., Berkeley)
An internationally recognized evidence scholar, Dale Nance also teaches and writes about general legal theory. Before joining the faculty in 2002, Prof. Nance taught law at Chicago-Kent, Northern Illinois University, the University of Colorado, the University of San Diego, and Cornell. Author of numerous law review articles and a general theory textbook, he also teaches an international law course on the Law of Archaeological Relics.

Craig A. Nard
Tom J.E. and Bette Lou Walker Professor of Law; Director, Center for Law, Technology & the Arts and the FUSION Certificate Program in Design, Innovation & IP Management
Tom J.E. and Bette Lou Walker Professor of Law; BA 1987 (Washington & Jefferson), JD 1990 (Capital), LLM 1995, JSD 1999 (Columbia)
Craig Nard is the founding director of the law school's Center for Law, Technology and the Arts. He is a Senior Lecturer at the World Intellectual Property Organization Academy at the University of Torino, Italy and Principal Advisor to the Center for Studies and Research in Intellectual Property in Calcutta, India. He teaches International Intellectual Property Law.

Cassandra Burke Robertson
Professor of Law
Prior to joining the faculty in 2007, Cassandra Burke Robertson clerked for the Texas Supreme Court and served as Assistant Solicitor General in the Office of the Texas Attorney General. She teaches Civil Procedure, Professional Responsibility, International Civil Litigation, and Remedies. She received a law degree from the University of Texas at Austin, where she also obtained joint master's degrees in Middle Eastern Studies and Public Affairs. Professor Robertson's scholarship focuses on legal ethics and litigation procedure within a globalizing practice of law. She has published in the Columbia Law Review, Boston College Law Review, and the Washington Law Review, among others.
Calvin W. Sharpe
Galen J. Roush Professor in Business Law and Regulation
Galen J. Roush Professor of Business Law and Regulation; BA 1967 (Clark), JD 1974 (Northwestern), MA 1996 (Chicago Theological Seminary)
Calvin Sharpe is a leading expert and author in international labor and arbitration. He has extensive involvement in South Africa, where he has lectured. He is the founding director of CISCDR (Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Conflict and Dispute Resolution), which often cosponsors events with the Cox Center.

Timothy Webster
Assistant Professor of Law
Director, East Asian Legal Studies

Timothy Webster joined our faculty on the tenure track in 2012. Prof. Webster teaches International Human Rights Law and various seminars related to law and China. He publishes on a wide range of topics, from health discrimination in China and racial discrimination in Japan, to East Asian free trade agreements, and the problems litigating war crimes in domestic courts. He began his academic career as a lecturer at Yale Law School and senior fellow at its China Law Center, where he designed and implemented legal reform projects with government officials, public interest lawyers, academics, and judges in China. Earlier, Webster practiced transnational litigation at Morrison Foerster in Tokyo and New York, and clerked for a federal judge in Boston.