Frederick K. Cox International Law Center War Crimes Research Portal
Frederick K. Cox International Law Center War Crimes Research Portal
War Crimes Research Portal

Case Western Reserve University School of Law
11075 East Blvd.
Cleveland, Ohio 44106

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Web Links for Defenses Under International Law (Duress, Tu Quoque, Mistake, and Military Necessity)

There are 3 sites catalogued in the category.
Displaying links 1 through 3.
Name: Crimes of War Project
Description: The Crimes of War Project is a collaboration of journalists, lawyers and scholars dedicated to raising public awareness of the laws of war and their application to situations of conflict. Their goal is to promote understanding of international humanitarian law among journalists, policymakers, and the general public, in the belief that a wider knowledge of the legal framework governing armed conflict will lead to greater pressure to prevent breaches of the law, and to punish those who commit them. The website contains hundreds of articles focusing on war crimes and defenses for them, covering subtopics such as self-defense, duress, Tu Quoque, mistake, and military necessity.
Name: Human Rights Watch
Description: This particular link leads to the publications section, where users can research other subtopics of defenses applicable to war crimes trials. There are international case laws about affirmative defenses such as duress and Tu Quoque.
Name: International Law of War Association (ILOWA)
Description: ILOWA is a loose confederation of military lawyers, academics, and government officials including members of the judiciary, who are interested in the advancement of a legal regime to ameliorate suffering and for the regulation of the use of armed force in armed conflicts. The main feature of the website is the Interactive Casebook written by Judge Evan Wallich of the United States Court of International Trade in New York. It covers everything about the laws of war from self-defense to military necessity.

War Crimes Research Guide
  • Research Guide
  • Quick Start Guide to War Crimes Research
    (where to look)
  • Bibliography
  • International Law Journals