Prosecutor, International Criminal Court
Recipient of the Cox International Humanitarian Award for Advancing Global Justice
On April 21, 2003, the Assembly of States Parties elected Luis Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina as first Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. Mr. Moreno-Ocampo has a distinguished career as prosecutor, trial attorney, university lecturer and legal strategist on issues ranging from international criminal justice and human rights law to corruption control and journalists' protection. In 1984, he led investigations into the case against nine senior Argentine Army commanders, including three former heads of state, from the military juntas which ruled Argentina between 1976 and 1980. The subsequent trial led to sentencing of five of the accused and was the first case brought against individuals responsible for mass killings since the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi officers.
During the proceedings, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo presented arguments for 700 counts of "murder, kidnapping and torture," calling 835 witnesses and citing thousands of documents. He later prosecuted those responsible for mass killings during the 1987 and 1992 military rebellions in Argentina. For a decade after the so-called "Junta Trials," Mr. Moreno-Ocampo was involved in several high profile cases of international criminal justice, including extradition of the former Nazi officer Erich Priebke to Italy, the trial of Chilean secret police for the murder of General Carlos Prats, and a case against military commanders accused of malpractice during the Malvinas/Falklands war. A member of the global board of Transparency International, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo has been a visiting professor at Stanford University and Harvard University. He resigned from all of these institutions in order to remain impartial during his tenure as Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.